Storytelling in the U.S. Power Sector: NREL’s Standard Scenarios

Researchers in the collaboration room of the Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) at NREL in Golden, Colorado, study feeder topography of a distribution management system power grid. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL
Generation across the suite of Standard Scenarios for the fuel types indicated. The Mid-case scenario is shown as the blue dashed line. Other includes biopower, concentrating solar power, geothermal, hydropower, and landfill gas.
Total capacity (top) and planning reserve provision (bottom) by fuel type in the High Renewable Energy (RE) Cost, Mid-case, and Low RE Cost scenarios. The planning reserve provision is the capacity that contributes toward the planning reserve margin.
Map of Variable Renewable Energy (VRE) penetration by state in the Mid-case, High RE Cost, and Low RE Cost scenarios in 2050. Note that states with 100% clean energy standards can use non-VRE resources such as hydropower, geothermal, biopower, CSP, and nuclear to fulfill their clean energy requirement.

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